Values & Significance

The Pench Tiger Reserve contributes to tangible and intangible benefits to the mankind, which have both local and global significance. It has potential values, in the shape of a beautiful treasure house of nature's gene pool, which must be protected as a part of our national heritage. Pench is significant for preservation and perpetuation of, the following, values and functions as a rich and diverse natural eco-system, which form the core of the life support processes in this area.

 

Environmental Values

 
   

Reserve areas due to its dense green cover act as major carbon sink sequestering large quantities of carbon and other pollutants. This way it acts as the “Green Lungs” for the surrounding human settlements and Nagpur city is particular and helps in maintaining the environmental balance and ecological stability in the area.


Ecological Values

 
 

Bio-geograhic location of the PenchTiger Reserve is a tre representative of the Satpuda-Maikal sub division of the Central Highlands(6A) in the Decccan Peninsula. It inhabitant in itself the rich vbiodiversity with plenty of floral and faunal representative of the area and conservation of this area ensures the sustainability of ecological proceses and biodiversity, having global significance.


Conservation values

 
   

Forest areas of Pench Tiger Reserve constitute a part of vast unfragmented expanse of forest tract in this region encompassing rich forest and wildlife tracts in Central India.
It provides an ideal un-fragmented habitat for the faunal species thriving in this part and forms a significant part of "Maharashtra-Madhya Pradesh Joint conservation Unit"
This contiguity of habitat facilitates free and unobstructed movement of wild animals like the Gaurs for the favorable habitat.


Floral and Faunal Value

 
   

Pench Flora: The Pench Tiger Reserve supports a wide variety of flora. The floristic composition of vegetation of Pench Tiger Reserve comprises of different species of trees, shrubs, herbs and grasses constituting different layers of habitat suitable for different faunal species. The prominent trees species are Teak, and its associates, namely Ain, Dhaoda, Haldu, Kalam, Lendia, Garari, Salai, Mowai, Kulu, Tendu, Moha, Hirda, Behada, Achar, Amaltas, Anjan, Apta, Aola, Arjun, Bad, Bel, Bamboo, etc. and host of other species of wildlife and medicinal significance.

Pench Fauna: The rich habitat of Pench Tiger Reserve favors rich and abundant population of wild animals. Pench serves as the prime habitat of Indian tiger and Panthers, which are the key species in these areas along with other species of cat family. The mammalian population comprises of mainly animals species like Sambhar, Chital, Barking Deer, Nilgai, Gaur, Wildboar, Chausingha, Sloth bear, Wilddog, Langurs, Rhesus monkey, Mouse Deer, Black Naped hare, Jackal Fox, Hyena, Porcupine, Flying squirrel, etc as well as wide variety of aquatic life, amphibians, reptiles and avi-fauna.


Pench Hydroelectric & Irrigation projects

   

Pench Hydroelectric project is a joint venture of Maharashtra andPench Hydroelectric project is a joint venture of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, located at Totaladoh. Initial investigations were started in 1955-56 as an interstate project and the Agreement was drawn in 1968. Initial works were started in 1972-73 and the project was completed in 1992. The total area of reservior is 67.9 Sq.Km. of which 19.93 Sq.Km. lies in Maharashtra State while the remaining 47.97 Sq.Km. falls in M.P. As per Agreement, Maharashtra gets full irrigation benefits to the extent of 1,04.476ha.area, whereas, power generation is shared by Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh in the ratio of 1/3 and 2/3 respectively. Meghdoot reservoir at Totaladoh is used for generation of electricity and maintaining water level for the lower Pench Reservoir at Navegaon Khairy. It has two generators of capacity 80KW each resulting in 160KW as the total capacity of the project. The lower Pench reservoir provides for irrigation of fields in Nagpur and Bhandra districts and is an important source of supply of drinking water to the Nagpur city. It also supplies water for electricity generation to Koradi and Khaperkheda city thermal power station. Thus, the Reserve plays a significant role as being maintainer of the life line of Nagpur city and adjoining areas by ensuring the life expectancy and health of these reservoirs.


Watershed & Catchment Value

The Pench River springs out from the Mahadeo hills of Satpuda Range in Chhindwara district and flows through the forested tracts of Madhya Pradash before it enters the Pench Tiger Reserve areas.
The Satpuda Hill Ranges, bearing the forests of this Reserve, constitutes an ideal watershed for the 'Meghdoot Reservoir' at Totaladoh as well as for the Lower Pench Reservoir at Navegaon Khairry.
Satpuda Hills Range constitutes an ideal watershed for the 'Meghdoot Reservoir' at Totaladoh as well as for the 'Lower Pench Reservoir ' at Navegaon Khairy.
The network of root system of the vegetation and geological formations functions as a sponge for conservation of moisture and to restrict the slit deposition in these water bodies and reservoirs.
Park areas play a vital role in maintaining the longevity and health of these reservoirs. Reverse area play a vital role in maintaining the life expectancy and health of these reservoirs.


Educational & Recreational Value

Due to proximity of the Reserve area to the Nagpur metropolitan City, it provides an excellent opportunity to a large number of visitors to seek solace from the hustle -bustle of the city life into the tranquility of the deep woods.
It has tremendous recreational values in its hilly and undulating terrain with gentle slopes; and forests rich with activities of nature.
The Education and awareness about the nature and bio-diversity conservation is being promoted through nature interpretation and eco-tourism. Every year over 30,000 visitors, including schoolchildren and their teachers, college and university students visit this Reserve.


Archeological Value

 

Reserve is   also known for its great archaeological significance. It consists of sites of a dilapidated fort, known as Ghuggushgarh, and a Rith(abandoned village) known as Nandpur, having their existence dating back to 3-4 century AD.
Archaeological researchers reveal that these places once have been associated to the ancient capital of the kings of 'Wakataka Dynasty ' who might have been the fore founders of the Nagpur city.


Cultural Values

The Tiger Reserve and adjoining areas form a part of the Gondwana lands in Central India. Reserve areas inhabit villages in its vicinity having Gond population exhibiting and perpetuating Gond Culture, values and way of life.
Nagdeopahadi area along the eastern flange of Meghdoot Reservoir attracts a large number of local populace from Maharashtra and also from Madhya Pradash in the month of Chaitra to worship their deity, a form of Lord Shiva.
Whereas, Ambakhori another site on the banks of Pench River near Totaladoh , is visited by the local communities due to its religious significance and numerous other visitors due to its serenity, natural beauty and scenic values.


   
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Pench Tiger Reserve Division

1) Pench National Park


2) Mansingdeo Wildlife

Bor Wildlife Division

1) Bor Wildlife Sanctuary


2) New Bor Wildlife Sanctuary


3) Umred-Karhandala Wildlife Sanctuary

Pandharkawda Wildlife Division

1) Tipeshwar Sanctuary


2) Painganga Wildlife Sanctuary


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